INDIA DEFENCE CONSULTANTS

WHAT'S HOT? –– ANALYSIS OF RECENT HAPPENINGS

INDIA'S DEFENCE PROCUREMENTS

An IDC Report 

 

New Delhi, 05 March 2003

India’s Defence Procurements

(Updated up to 28 February 2003)

The list below was compiled from various media reports and press releases and contains the main items being procured, on offer or planned by the Indian Defence Forces. Although every care has been taken to compile the data as accurately as possible, we take no responsibility for the authenticity of the list.

Sl No

Item

Quantity

Cost

1.

Scorpene Submarines Type-75. To be built by Mazagon Docks (MDL), Mumbai. The contract is being concluded with the French Government and Thales and subcontracted to DCN, which has signed a transfer of technology agreement with MDL. MESMA is an option only.

Six

US$ 1.5 billion

2.

37,500 tons Air Defence Ship (Aircraft Carrier). To be built at Cochin Shipyard. Foreign yards have been invited for collaboration for final drawings. MiG 29K aircraft under consideration. (Approx 1000 tons accommodates one aircraft.)Advance to CSL paid.

One

US$ 700 million

3.

Aircraft Carrier Gorshkov. Will be refitted in Russia Provision for Helicopters and MiG 29K aircraft with Su-30 MK I type of Cockpit, at an additional cost of around $800 million. Price negotiations for Gorshkov only are nearing completion.  .

One

US$ 600 million

4.

SU-30MKI. aircraft ordered from IAPO (Russia) and subsequent manufacture of 140 more by HAL in India. 18 already supplied will go back to Russia for upgrading and 30 are under supply progressively from June 2002. No 24 Squadron commissioned at Pune

190 Nos.

US$ 2.5 billion.

5.

Advanced Jet Trainer (AJT). The IAF has long pressed for procurement of an initial 66 AJTs and later 11 AJTs for the India Navy. BAe is close to clinching the deal for the HAWK-115 though L159 from Czechoslovakia and MIG AT new designs are also pressing to be considered.  As per Defence Minister’s latest statement at AA2003 (Feb 03) the matter is with the cabinet.

66 Nos.

$1.38 billion

6.

Mid–life avionics upgrade of IAF fleet of 120 SEPECAT/HAL-built Jaguars and 165 ANPK MIG/HAL-built MiG-27 M strike aircraft, and 65 MiG–29B-12 air superiority fighters by HAL. MIG 21 Bison under going upgrading with Israeli Head up displays and French Avionics.

125 MiG bis

Approx 

US$ 2 million per MiG 21

7.

Light Combat Aircraft –– Two LCA (TDI and TD2) prototypes completed some flights but the LCA is a long way away with many imponderables. Procurement of 40 GE engines and spending on avionics will continue. 8 series production on order on HAL. Martin Baker ejection seats selected.

8 Series

Approx 

Rs 2000 crores plus Rs 120 crores per piece.


 

8.

Two IL-76 based A-50 AEW & C aircraft, and six IL-78 aerial refueling tankers ordered. Former Air Chief ACM AY Tipnis had witnessed trials as VCAS in October 2001 at the Kubinka air base near Moscow and the Phalcon system is planned. (Note: Two IL-78 are being taken over by RM George Fernandes and VCAS Air Marshal Michael Mc Mahon around 28th Feb in Uzbekistan.) .

2 × IL-76 &

6 × IL-78 refuellers

Approx US $388 million

9.

Mirage 2000 V Aircraft –– One squadron (18 aircraft) of Dassault Aviation Mirage 2000D tandem-seat fighter-bombers “hard wired” for carrying nuclear missiles as part of minimum nuclear deterrent, are on offer. Media reports IAF has asked for more Mirages if the LCA is delayed. India is already buying French avionics equipment from Sextant and Sagem for the IAF upgrades.

18 Nos.

Mirage V costs exceed US$ 40 million per piece

10.

Mirage 2000 TH –– Ten additional aircraft to replace accident losses and as part of the War Wastage Reserve (WWR) are due to arrive in 2003/2004.Part paid  for .

10 Nos.

US$ 400 million

11.

ALH --42 Helicopters–– 80 Turbomecca engines for ALH already supplied and Upgrades for Shakti engine (for high altitude) in progress with Turbomecca and HAL.

80 Nos.

Not known

12.

ANTPQS 37  Fire Finder radars from Raytheon under FMS. Two released by US Army. Media reports one NRI’s company Alex Technologies has demanded that it be associated with the deal.

12 sets

Approx US $200 mill

13.

MRBLs. One battery of BM 9A52 Smerch 300 mm multiple-barrel rocket launchers. Trials are in progress and will augment the GRAD M that were used with great effect in the Kargil war. (The DRDO’s 12 barreled Pinaka is under trials and is still low powered and slow.)

One battery

Not known

14.

Howitzers. Up to 200 Bofors-type FH-77B 155 mm self-propelled howitzers to add to the 310 units bought off-the-shelf in 1986. Bids from South Africa, France and Israel have been reported in that order for the imminent final order.

200

US$ 250 million

15.

Ammunition ––120mm, 130mm, 155mm and 160mm ammo have been procured from Israel and South Africa. Some were destroyed in recent fires in ammunition depots and procurement continues. Ordnance depots to be upgraded.

Not known

US$7 million +

16.

Krasnopol-M 155 mm laser-guided artillery projectiles from Russia and 8 systems have been purchased and high altitude trials carried out. Additional rounds ordered.

10,000 projectiles

US$ 15.5 million


 

17.

Self-propelled howitzers –– Possibility of acquiring 120, each comprising a Denel/LIW-built T-6 turret containing a 155mm/520 calibre gun and mounted on the Arjun MBT’s armoured hull. The system, called Bhim had achieved a sustained rate of fire of 16 rounds at a desert firing range in Pokhran in western India. Not much is known of the progress.

120 Nos.

Not known

18.

T-90 MBTs with the Reflecks anti tank missile and B 31 diesel engine. 80 units have arrived. This deal for import of 120 and local production at Avadi for the balance has been finalized, and special vehicles like the BREM 1 and 1MR 2 MA will come with them from Uralgrad Zavod.

310 Nos.

US$ 700 million.

19.

AGS-17 lightweight automatic grenade launchers from Russia. Also approx. 3000 Tavor 21 rifles were imported from Israel.

250 Nos.

US$ 3.5 million

20.

New landmine-resistant armoured vehicles under consideration to augment 90 Cassipir trucks already imported from South Africa.

150 Nos.

US$ 14 million

21

Radars –– Four Zoopark 2 counter-battery radars and S 300 PMU1 low to high altitude systems from Russia are on offer . Also Green Pine radar from Israel and Arrow in discussions . Israeli media reported Green Pine supplies have begun and could be for DRDO. Additionally up to 150 S-300 V anti-ballistic missile launchers and their related command and control systems, along with the Israeli ‘Green Pine’ ballistic missile Arrow and early warning radar system are under consideration.

––

US$ 1.4 billion

22.

Frequency-hopping radios

200 Nos.

US$ 7 million.

23.

Gen-3 thermal-imaging devices from Israel and France.

200 Nos.

US $6 million.

24.

ELTA-built EL/M-2140 tripod-mounted battlefield surveillance radars that can detect enemy movement at least 5 km away. Local procurement of vehicle mounted pieces under consideration.

180 Nos.

US$ 65 million

25.

UAVs –– Up to two additional squadrons IAI Malat built Searcher Mk II/Heron Aerial Vehicles and their ground control units from Israel, for landing accurate fire on enemy gun positions in the battlefield. The Searcher MkII has a height ceiling of nearly 30,000 feet. Army, Navy and IAF units are being  provided with these UAVs progressively. Navy will get Heron with Maritime radar.

2 squadrons

US $46.5 million

26.

2S6 Tunguska M-1 mobile gun/missile V-SHORADS type systems indicating importance of Air Defence for the Army and IAF. Most of which have arrived and displayed at Republic Day . Navy to get equivalent Kashtan  on the Krivacks.

45 Nos.

Not known

27.

VY-72 B ARVs from ZTS Tees Martin of Slovakia and 42 WZT-3 ARVs, built by Bumar–Labedy, from CENZIN of Poland. Public Sector Bharat Earth Movers Ltd will build another 400 such vehicles.

155 Nos. &

42 Nos.

US$ 723,000 each

28.

Poland is to supply T-72 Fire Control upgrades for first lot of 250 tanks.

250 Nos.

Not known

29.

India has an on going contract with Soltam of Israel to upgrade an initial 35 Soviet-supplied M-46 130 mm field guns to 155 mm/45-calibre. A further 550 M–46 will be upgraded by India’s state-owned Ordnance Factory Board.

––

US$ 238,095 each

30

Warships –– Krivak III Class, Project 1135.6 guided missile frigates Talwar, Trishul and Tabar. The ships are to have Indian equipment and Wartsila generators etc., the coordination of which has delayed the commissioning of the first two to April 2003.

Three

US$ 600 million

31.

Two Type 877-EKM Kilo-class SSK Submarines, plus one Amur-Class SSK have been offered as India’s own Submarine building programme has been slow since the HDW scandal.

––

US$ 388 million

32.

Novator 3M54E Klub supersonic anti-ship cruise missiles for the three Kilo class Subs undergoing refits –– two of them completed progressively in Admiralty Shipyard at St Petersburg, three Krivaks, the Sindushastra and the Type 17 frigates. The Indian Navy is truly excited about this missile and calls it the Russian Tomahawk.

Up to 200 Nos.

Not known

33.

Barak anti-missile defence systems built by IAI ELTA/RAFAEL, for installation on the Indian Navy’s carrier INS Viraat, the INS Brahmaputra and some other ships. (as DRDO’s Trishul SAM is delayed.)

Seven systems

Not known

34.

Four plus 3 Ka-31, air borne early warning helicopters, and six Ka-28 ASW helicopters worth $18 million all of which will be delivered progressively.

7 Ka-31

6 Ka-28

US$ 25 million

35.

ANPK MiG-29 5MK carrier-borne fighters armed with Vympel RVV-AE R-77 medium range, active radar-guided air-to-air missiles; the R-73 E infra-red guided dogfight missiles, Zvesda/Strella Kh-31A anti-ship and Kh-31P anti-radar missiles; Kh-35 Uran E anti-ship missiles for the Gorshkov and the air defence ship (ADS) to be built at Cochin. Only when Gorshkov deal is finalized, can the design for the ADS be frozen.

66 Nos

Not known

36.

More IAI/MALAT’s Heron long-endurance UAVs are on offer as DRDO’s Nishant cannot climb above 10,000 feet and is not operational.

––

Not known

37.

TU-142 Bear F maritime patrol/ASW aircraft armed with Alfa and Uran-E anti-ship cruise missiles to supplement the eight currently in service with the Indian Navy are on offer.

Six

Not known

38.

Tuploev TU –22M3 strategic bombers, which are at the Gorbunov-based plant in Kazan, southern Russia are on offer and ready to be delivered from Russia’s large excess stock.

Six

Not known

39.

Efforts have been launched by IAF to procure add-on chaff/flare countermeasures suites and missiles approach warning systems from ELISRA of Israel, which will be retrofitted on to the IAF’s Mi-8T, Mi-17 and Mi-25 helicopter gunships.

––

Not known

40.

An avionics and self-protection suite upgrade for 20 Mi-35P and six Mi-25 helicopter gunships. This contract has gone to IAI/Tamam

 

US$ 25 million

41.

A comprehensive upgrade of the IAF’s 20 Mi-35 P helicopter-gunships that includes a day/night imaging and target designation system supplied by Elbit Computers, ELISRA, EI Op and ELTA of Israel on offer.

––

Not known

42.

The IAF is also expected to procure additional laser-guidance kits for its 1,000 lb bombs from Elbit Computers of Israel.

__

Not known

43.

The ELTA subsidiary of Israel Aircraft Industries is likely to supply pod-mounted EL/M-2060 synthetic aperture radars for IAF’s Mirage 2000 H fighters.

––

Not known

44.

Satellite –– For enhancing round-the-clock satellite surveillance, India is fabricating a satellite, called Cartosat-1, with 2.5-metre resolution to monitor the Line of Control (LoC) in Kashmir.

––

Not known

45.

HJT 36 advanced jet trainer being manufactured by HAL is due to fly.

––

Not known

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